Part A- Historical Background.
Ladies and gentlemen, in the history of Kenya’s political governance, nothing has dominated Kenya’s airwaves more than the clamour for constitutional reforms. In the run up to the 1992 general election, the famous Second Liberation Movement coalesced around the need to repeal the infamous Section 2A of the repealed Constitution, to usher in a broader multiplicity of competitive politics by various divergent political parties. This was the irreducible minimum for the then opposition honchos who admitted that a receptive constitutional framework, which neither favoured nor discriminated against sections of the populace, was the most sought after level playing field to midwife a political derby.
First Katiba Review.
As history would repeat itself, on the 17th of July 1997, the late President Moi acceded in principle, to demands for constitutional and legal reforms following intense pressure which was piled by the civil society groups and international donors, after a string of violence and trail of deaths resulted from confrontational repressions of demonstrations by the state-sanctioned security forces and paramilitary units. Earlier on, on the 7TH of July 1997, at least thirteen people had been reported dead following the nationwide pro-reform rallies to force constitutional changes a head of the 1997 general election. These, among many other factors cobbled together the Inter-Party Parliamentary Group (IPPG), constituted of Members of Parliament from across the political divide. The IPPG as it was popularly known, recommended the repealing of certain colonial legislations deemed as restrictive within the context of freedom of association, proposed the expansion of the Electoral Commission